Dementia is an expansive description that includes a number of symptoms, such as impaired judgment, word-finding difficulties, memory loss, as well as issues with conducting day-to-day activities. As per Dr. John Denboer ,majority of these symptoms are usually caused due to the loss of or injury to the brain cells. As the cells of the brain get injured, they generally lose their capacity to orderly communicate with the other cells, subsequently leading to severe dysfunction. Dr. Denboer is a Clinical Neuropsychologist who specializes in the assessment and detection of early-stage dementia, and hence is one of the best individuals to talk about this topic.
Quite unfortunately, due to its complex nature, dementia is among the most misunderstood conditions in the domain of medicine currently. In the opinion of Dr. John Denboer, while many people believe that senile dementia or rather senility is an inevitable result of aging, and therefore do not seek proper evaluation or treatment for family members showing signs of memory loss or other symptoms dementia. However, these conclusions are not accurate. Dr. Denboer is the founder and CEO of SMART Brain Aging, Inc, which is an organization that aids individuals prevent and/or minimize the cognitive effects of early stage dementia. Therefore, he has quite a good idea amount this medical condition, its types, and treatment.
Dr. John Denboer mentions that dementia can be of multiple types. Some of them being:
- Alzheimer’s disease: This is the most common form of dementia, and its key cause has not been properly identified yet in a proper fashion. While in certain cases the patients having Alzheimer’s disease have an accumulation of an abnormal protein or amyloid plaques in certain areas of their brain, it is not quite clear if such plaques cause the ailment, or is a result of the disease. In the majority of cases, Alzheimer’s disease starts from the age of 65, in a few cases, people may even start to show the symptoms of this condition when they are in their 40s or 50s.
- Vascular dementia: This is the second most common cause of dementia, and generally results due to multiple strokes taking place within the brain. In many cases, such strokes might get unnoticed, and the patients may not even suffer from any kind of associated symptoms like numbness, visual loss, and weakness. The patients suffering from untreated heart disease and high blood pressure might be at a high risk of developing vascular dementia.
- Frontotemporal dementia: This condition is majorly associated with pronounced shrinkage or atrophy of the temporal and frontal lobes in the brain. Apart from work finding problems and forgetfulness, some of the patients might even have poor judgment, impulsivity and marked personality changes. A few of the patients suffering from frontotemporal dementia can additionally develop stiffness of the muscles and in-coordination.
In the opinion of Dr. John Denboer, the other major types of this medical condition include hydrocephalus, alcoholic, and trauma dementia.